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Or int caused distinctiveness how often to they do

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Unformatted text preview: ses decision on best scientific evidence Intuition is a gut feeling not necessarily supported by research o OB has few absolutes – it isn’t like physics, chemistry, or astronomy where there are laws o OB takes a Contingency Approach – it depends on the situation “Perception, Personality, and Emotions” – Chapter 2 THE KEY CORE CONCEPTS: • Perception – process of how people organize and interpret their impressions to give it meaning o The Perceiver – Attitudes, motives, interests, experiences, expectations o The Target – Novelty, motions, sounds, size, background, proximity o The Situation – Time, Work setting, Social Setting Perceptual Errors o Attribution theory – When we observe ones behaviour and determine if it ext. or int. caused Distinctiveness – How often to they do this in other situations? Internal > Low Consensus – How often do others do this in similar situations? Internal > Low Consistency – How often did the person do this in the past? Internal > High Fundamental Attribution Theory – Tendency to underestimate externals and overestimate the influence of internals when making judgments about the others Self- Serving Bias – Tendency to think success is because of internal and failures cause of externals Selective Perception – Perception based on ones interest, background, experience, and attitude Halo Effect – Drawing a general impression based on a single characteristic Contrast Effects – someone you recently encountered influences our reaction to someone Projection - Attributing ones own characteristics to other people Stereotyping – Judging someone based on the perception of which group the person belongs to Heuristics – Judgment shortcuts in decision- making Prejudice – Unfounded dislike of a person based on their belonging to a certain stereotype Self- Fulfilling Prophecy – You behave based on how you are perceive by others • Personality – Stable patterns of behaviour and internal states that determines how u react/interact. o Traits – Enduring characteristics that describes an individual’s behaviour Myers- Briggs Type indicator – Extraverted/Introverted, Sensitive/Intuitive, Thinking/Feeling, Judging/ Perceiving o The Big 5 personality Model Extraversion – Degree to which one is sociable, talkative, and assertive Agreeableness – Good natured, cooperative, and trusting Conscientiousness – Responsible, dependable, persistent, and achievement orientated Emotional Stability – Calm, self confident, and secure Openness to Experience – imaginative, artistically sensitive, and intellectual o Core Self- Evaluation – Degree to which one likes themselves, perceives as capable and effective Machiavel...
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