chapter5 - Chapter Five The Angevins Twelfth and Thirteenth...

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Chapter Five: The Angevins Twelfth and Thirteenth Centuries   creative period population tripled, technological advanced in agriculture, wool trade,  towns grew, learning climbed, Common Law created Also, not such an amazing period murder of archbishop, ransoming of king, loss of empire The New Agriculture The population tripled between 1086 and 1300 most likely because of availability of land…but then they also need  food! Big new technology advanced: three-field system, not two-field system (late 12 th  century) overshot vertical waterwheel – improved efficiency in milling grain Horsepower…Horseshoe…Horsecollar Even royal forests were colonized Thirteenth century: England did what many nations do today: quit mixed  farming for growing of 1-2 staple crops Lots of people + need for food = price increase Lay and ecclesiastical landlords benefited Good harvest meant everything…death rate rose sharply during bad  harvest Wool, Trade, and Towns Richest farmers were those that raised sheep boom in export of wool to Flanders and Florence To ransom Richard I in 1194, the English gov’t exported 50,000 sacks of  wool
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In 1273, the English exported 33,000 sacks. In 1304, 46,000 sacks. Also, English exported grain to feed the cloth workers of Flanders, tinto  support the Flemish metal industry, lead to roof the abbey at La Rochelloe,  and coal to warm the homes and shops of Bruges. They IMPORTED cloth from Flanders, iron from Spain, spices from the  Midterranean, and great quantities of wine from France English domestic trade > English international trade Trade was done via highways and rivers There were fairs set up where different regions could all sell their goods
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chapter5 - Chapter Five The Angevins Twelfth and Thirteenth...

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