4 Chapter 03 1648-1945 water

Gberlinconference 1878carvesupafrica

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Unformatted text preview: Industrialization is power – ‘Free trade’ versus protectionism British Economic Hegemony British Economic Hegemony • Britain adopts free trade policies • Maintains mastery of seas • Challenges to British Hegemony – Growth of others outstrips Britain’s growth – Germany and US became major rivals HMS Dreadnought, 1906 HMS Dreadnought, 1906 Bismarckian Alliance System Bismarckian Alliance System • A series of contintental alliances – “Be one of three, not one of two” – Forestall war between the Great Powers – Moderation of conflict (e.g., Berlin Conference, 1878, carves up Africa) • Bismarck ‘fired’ by Kaiser Wilhelm II, 1890 – but Germany remains powerful Protectionism and Discord Protectionism and Discord • Nationalism promotes domestic industries • Intense competition for overseas markets • Rivalries in colonies ‘militarizes’ political discourse and popular mood (some) Causes of World War I (some) Causes of World War I • Rise of Germany, decline of Ottoman Empire • Interlocking alliance system • Nationalism • War is relatively acceptable (Darwinian) • Cult of the Offensive – Schlieffen Plan The Schlieffen “Plan” Consequences of World War I Consequences of World War I • Stalemate on all fronts • The Russian Revolution (s) 1917­21 • The Versailles settlement, 1919 – League of Nations – Conditions imposed on Germany – New nations formed (in Europe) – Europeans begin to lose confidence in their overall mastery of the world European Civilization in the Great War Road to Wo...
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2014 for the course IR 271 taught by Professor Corgan during the Fall '08 term at BU.

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