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14 Chapter12-Resources water

Remediesfortheenvironment

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Unformatted text preview: rce: WHO, 2002 Cooperation Efforts Cooperation Efforts – Commercial treaties – International Organizations • Example: UN Environmental Program – NGOs • Examples: Sierra Club, WWF, – Celebrities and corporations • Example: Live Earth Concert Remedies for the Environment? Remedies for the Environment? •Convince LDCs to slow development? •Economic incentives to reduce deforestation and pollution “trade and cap” •Develop long­term perspective Water Scarcity Water Scarcity • Growing populations • Access to safe water source of conflict • Sanitation and price of clean water – Nearly two in three people in developing countries do not have access to clean water – The price of water has risen globally – Is potable water a ‘public good?’ Source: German Environmental Agency, 2007 Water and Conflict Water and Conflict – Competing claims may lead to war – Increase in the number of trans­boundary basins – Water critical to agriculture, industry, health – Middle East locus of many conflicts over water Middle East – Severe Water Middle East – Severe Water Scarcities emerging Water Access – Cooperation Efforts Water Access – Cooperation Efforts – UN conferences on water since 1977 – 1980s declared the “International Drinking Water and Sanitation Decade” – The UN Millennium Declaration – NGOs and international organizations Turkey –Iraq­ Syria Turkey –Iraq­ Syria • Tigris and Euphrates • • • • originate in South West Turkish Highlands Euphrates runs through Syria to Iraq Turkey seeks to develop this underdeveloped region by building dams Alarm on the part of Iraq and Syria; tension between Iraq and Syria Joint water management projects underway as of 2006­2008 Food Food – Distribution is the biggest problem – 800 million people suffer malnutrition – Poverty, disease, poor transportation, war all restrict access to food supplies – Natural disasters, droughts or human actions cause famines Source: World Food program, 2006 International Food Aid and Famine­...
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