16 Chapter 13-Global Governance water

Handlesadministrativefunctions daghammarskjld

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Unformatted text preview: ternational Organizations: International Organizations: The United Nations • Secretariat and Secretary­General – Secretary­General, • “Chief administrator” of the UN • Little power to act independently • Role varies with personality and style – The Secretariat • Large international civil service • Handles administrative functions Dag Hammarskjöld Dag Hammarskj Secretary General, 1953­61 Ban Ki Moon Ban Ki Moon Current Secretary General International Organizations: International Organizations: The United Nations • International Court of Justice (World Court) – Headquartered in The Hague, Netherlands – Fifteen justices elected by the GA and SC – Justices independent of home state – Decisions binding – No enforcement mechanisms – States appear only voluntarily International Court of Justice International Court of Justice International Organizations: International Organizations: The United Nations • Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) – Coordinates specialized organizations – ‘Functional’ bodies ­ UNICEF, WHO, FAO, UNEP, UNDP, etc. – Controversial units • International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) • UN Education, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) Provision of critical aid Provision of critical aid Distributing relief supplies in Kenya, 2007 International Organizations: International Organizations: The United Nations • UN Peacekeeping Missions – UN ‘Blue Helmets’ – Dispatched at the invitation of parties – Primary mission: buffer armed combatants • Maintain a peace agreement – No standing army • Troops from member states • Since 1948, there have been 60 operations Un Peace Keepers – soldiers on loan Un Peace Keepers – soldiers on loan Growing Number of UN Growing Number of UN Missions Source: BBC, 2007 UN ‘Peacekeeping’ Missions UN ‘Peacekeeping’ Missions – Types: • Observer • Peacekeeping • Peace enforcement – Over...
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