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15 International Law water

1260 lawashumanreason lawashumanreason

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Unformatted text preview: • Natural law – early church thinkers • Positive law – early jurists, Grotius et al. • Reincorporation of natural law – the Holocaust Law as divine plan Law as divine plan Thomas Aquinas ­ fl. 1260 Law as human reason Law as human reason Hugo de Groot (Grotius) 1630s The Holocaust The Holocaust Nuremberg Trials 1945 International Law differs from International Law differs from Municipal (state) Law • No law­making body • No executive to enforce laws – “self­help” is the usual remedy • World Court (ICJ) limited – Countries appear only if they wish Sources of International Law Sources of International Law (in charter of ICJ) • Treaties ­ most common source today • Custom – usually results in treaties • Principles – e.g. pacta sunt servandum • Writings – rarely used now International Criminal Court International Criminal Court (Slobodan Milosevic on trial, 2006) Institutions of International Law Institutions of International Law ICJ European Court of Justice, European Court of Human Rights WTO Tribunal Important Areas of International Law: Important Areas of International Law: Sovereignty • Territory and boundaries • Exercise of national law • R...
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