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20 Marx and Economics

Feudallordsandserfsleadsto

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Unformatted text preview: ‘Praxis’ – philosophers have tried to understand things, the point is to change them • Class struggle – the ‘story’ of history The Dialectic The Dialectic Thesis Antithesis Synthesis Marx’s Progression of History Marx’s Progression of History • Primitive communism, leads to • Masters and slaves, leads to • Feudal lords and serfs, leads to • Capitalists and proletariat, will lead to • World communism Economic theory Economic theory • ‘Labor theory’ of value • Surplus value • Capitalist accumulation • Increasing misery Paris Commune 1871 Paris Commune 1871 Débout, les damnés de la terre! Call to armed struggle Call to armed struggle • Base and superstructure • Two­stage revolution • Dictatorship of the proletariat Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Vladimir Ilyich Lenin Владимир Ильич Ленин 1870­1924 State and Revolution, 1917 State and Revolution, • State will not “wither away” (as Marx said) • Violent revolution is necessary • “dictatorship of the proletariat” • The Party is the peoples’ ‘revolutionary vanguard’ (Marx does not mention party) Lenin seizes a revolution, 1917 Lenin seizes a revolution, Immanuel Wallerstein, b. 1930 Immanuel...
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