The ea can be carried out at headquarters or at a

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Unformatted text preview: rly going to be required by NEPA, and some will clearly not need an EIS. Most major NASA projects, however, fall in between, where the need for an EIS is a priori unclear, in such cases an EA is prepared to determine whether an EIS is indeed required. NASA's experience since 1970 has been that projects in which there is the release—or potential release— of large or hazardous quantities of pollutants (rocket exhaust gases, exotic materials, or radioactive substances), require an EIS. For projects in this category, an EA is not performed, and the project's analyses should focus on and support the preparation of an EIS. The NEPA process is meant to ensure that the project is planned and executed in a way that meets the na- What is NEPA? The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969 declares a national environmental policy and goals, and provides a method for accomplishing those goals. NEPA requires an Environmental Impact Statement (EIS) for "major federal actions significantly affecting the quality of the human environment." Some environmental impact reference documents include: • • • • • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of 1969, as amended (40 CFR 1500-1508) Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (14CFR 1216.3) Implementing the Requirements of the National Environmental Policy Act, NHB 8800.11 Executive Order 11514, Protection and Enhancement of Environmental Quality, March 5, 1970, as amended by Executive Order 11991, May 24, 1977 Executive Order 12114, Environmental Effects Abroad of Major Federal Actions, January 4, 1979. tional environmental policy and goals. First, the process helps the system engineer shape the project by putting potential environmental concerns in the forefront during Phase A. Secondly, the process provides the means for reporting to the public the project's rationale and implementation method. Finally, it allows public review of and comment on the planned effort, and requires NASA to consider and respond...
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course E 515 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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