This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.
Unformatted text preview: rly
going to be required by NEPA, and some will clearly not
need an EIS. Most major NASA projects, however, fall
in between, where the need for an EIS is a priori
unclear, in such cases an EA is prepared to determine
whether an EIS is indeed required. NASA's experience
since 1970 has been that projects in which there is the
release—or potential release— of large or hazardous
quantities of pollutants (rocket exhaust gases, exotic
materials, or radioactive substances), require an EIS.
For projects in this category, an EA is not performed,
and the project's analyses should focus on and support
the preparation of an EIS.
The NEPA process is meant to ensure that the
project is planned and executed in a way that meets the
na- What is NEPA?
The National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of
1969 declares a national environmental policy and
goals, and provides a method for accomplishing those
goals. NEPA requires an Environmental Impact
Statement (EIS) for "major federal actions significantly
affecting the quality of the human environment."
Some environmental impact reference documents include:
• • National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) of
1969, as amended (40 CFR 1500-1508)
Procedures for Implementing the National
Environmental Policy Act (14CFR 1216.3)
Implementing the Requirements of the
National Environmental Policy Act, NHB
Executive Order 11514, Protection and Enhancement of Environmental Quality, March 5,
1970, as amended by Executive Order 11991,
May 24, 1977
Executive Order 12114, Environmental Effects
Abroad of Major Federal Actions, January 4,
1979. tional environmental policy and goals. First, the process
helps the system engineer shape the project by putting
potential environmental concerns in the forefront during
Phase A. Secondly, the process provides the means for
reporting to the public the project's rationale and
implementation method. Finally, it allows public review
of and comment on the planned effort, and requires
NASA to consider and respond...
View Full Document