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Unformatted text preview: e and only two moles of gases on
the product side. When pressure is increased holding temperature constant, the
equilibrium shifts in the direction of the products so that the volume shrinks.
When pressure is decreased, the equilibrium shifts in the direction of the reactants
so that volume is increased.
(c) change in temperature:
If a reaction is exothermic in the forward direction, a decrease in
temperature drives the reaction forward to counteract the decrease in temperature.
An increase in temperature will drive the reaction in the reverse direction since the
reverse reaction will be endothermic.
(d) change in concentration or partial pressure:
Adding reactants or removing products drives the equilibri...
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