21 Liberalism and the World System

Wilsonsfourteenpoints wilsonsfourteenpoints

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Unformatted text preview: f the Westphalian system • Contribution – first world leader to propose enlightenment ideals for governing state relations Versailles Peace Conference, 1919 Versailles Peace Conference, Self­determination ? Self­determination ? Wilson’s Fourteen Points Wilson’s Fourteen Points I – “Open covenants, openly arrived at” II – Freedom of the seas III – Free trade IV – Disarmament V – Self­determination VI­XIII – establishing states and borders XIV – “General association of nations…” Kenneth Waltz Kenneth Waltz Man, The State, and War • Context – mature Cold War (1950s/60s) • Contribution – integration of views of IR theories • Levels of analysis discussed and analyzed from idealist and realist perspectives Idealist remedies for war, Idealist remedies for war, according to Waltz If war is caused by man – the remedy is education If war is caused by the state – the remedy is democracy If war is caused by the system – the remedy is world government Example: Causal factors for Example: Causal factors for World War I • Man – – – Incompetent leaders “Merchants of death” revolutionaries • State – Autocratic states – Imperialist democracies • System – Sovereignty – Acceptance of war Waltz’s critique Waltz’s critique • If something is caused by several factors, eliminating only one will not solve the problem. • Therefore it is positively dangerous to seek to remedy only one factor at a time....
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