Lecture 14 Mar 6

Lecture 14 Mar 6 - Inequality and American Democracy...

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Inequality and American Democracy Lecture 14 March 6, 2007 Welfare: What It Is, and Why Americans Hate It 1) What is Welfare? a) Narrow Definition: Temporary Assistance for Needy Families, formerly Aid to Families with Dependent Children (formerly, Aid to Dependent Children) Cost: $13 billion 2002 b) Broader Definition: Income-Tested Programs—Medicaid, Supplemental Security Income, Food Stamps, the Earned Income Tax Credit—yet many of these are not seen as ‘welfare’ $522 billion ($373 billion, federal; $149 state and local) in 2002 c) In terms of public opinion, “welfare” seems to mean cash aid for able-bodied adults and perhaps near cash substitutes such as food stamps 2) Why Welfare? a) The 4 P’s i) Paternalism (1) Sense that it is helping the less-fortunate (2) People have to meet certain criteria to get aid—deserving poor vs. undeserving poor ii) Pity (1) Feel sorry for those who are less fortunate iii) Productivity (1) Ideal of a safety net in democratic capitalist society
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Lecture 14 Mar 6 - Inequality and American Democracy...

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