Lecture 18 April 03

Lecture 18 April 03 - Inequality and American Democracy...

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Inequality and American Democracy Lecture 18 April 3, 2007 Education: Great Leveler or Great Multiplier 1) American Ideal of Meritocracy a) Basic equal opportunity (K-12); entering the race for higher education based on the premise of an equal starting point b) Fair, open process for selection to higher education (with some adjustments for disadvantage, past discrimination, diversity, etc.); heavy emphasis on standardized testing, designed to measure innate intelligence c) If conditions 1 and 2 are met, it is legitimate to have society largely run by an ‘educationally derived elite’ d) Mixes instrumental and intrinsic views: i) System is good for society and achievement within it is mark of good character/motives 2) Access to Higher Education a) Expansion of public universities: 1940 to 1975, share of students in public university rose from 46 to 75 percent b) Federal Aid (Pell Grants, subsidized loans, etc.) c) University financial aid 3) Strains on System a) Real costs per student of attending college up 40 percent since 1970s
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Lecture 18 April 03 - Inequality and American Democracy...

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