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Unformatted text preview: ations Consider using a min-heap for the Priority Queue PQ.ExtractMin() is O(lg n) each time What about PQ.decreaseKey() ? Our need: given a vertex-ID, change the value
stored Called n times, so like Heap’s Construct: efficient! But our basic heap implementation does not allow lookups based on vertex-ID! Solution: Indirect heaps 35 Heap structure stores indices to data in an array that
doesn’t change Better PQ Implementations (2) Use Indirect Heaps for the PQ PQ.decreaseKey() is O(lg n) also So O(m lg n) Called for each edge encountered in MST algorithm Overall: Might be better: (n2) than if m << n2 Fibonacci heaps: an even more efficient PQ
implementation. We won’t cover these. 36 (m + n lg n) Kruskal’s MST 37 Kruskal’s MST Algorithm Prim’s approach: Build one tree. Make the one tree bigger and as good as
it can be. Kruskal’s approach Choose the best edge possible: smallest weight Not one tree – maintain a forest! Each
Can’t form a cycle in a tree...
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This note was uploaded on 02/25/2014 for the course CS 4102 taught by Professor Horton during the Spring '10 term at UVA.
- Spring '10