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Lecture 23 April 19

Lecture 23 April 19 - b Cues and informational shortcuts c...

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Inequality and American Democracy Lecture 23 April 19, 2007 Tackling Inequality: Public Opinion and Policy Options 1) Why the rise in inequality? a) Rising return on education/skill-based technological change b) Public tax and social policy/minimum wage i) No government redistribution in the time that there has been rising inequality c) Changes in corporate governance/executive compensation d) Rise of “winner-take-all” labor market e) Decline of unions f) Increased international trade g) Changing family structure and rise in associative pairing i) Can explain bottom 80% but doesn’t account for top 1% h) Immigration 2) Key Shortcomings of Opinion Surveys a) Highly sensitive to question wording b) Often tap into surface or uninformed opinion c) Very limited ability to judge trade-offs or underlying “considerations” d) Nonresponse bias i) The people who are most disadvantaged are not reached by polls or are likely to answer that they don’t know 3) Rehabilitation of the Public a) Reconsideration of over-time opinion instability
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Unformatted text preview: b) Cues and informational shortcuts c) The wonders of aggregation 4) Summary a) Increasing research suggests that public views are relatively informed, stable, and responsive—that they shape government policy b) Yet fast asymmetries in knowledge/sophistication exist across citizens c) Americans are concerned about economic inequality and hold relatively “populist” economic views, though less so than citizens of other nations d) Americans are highly skeptical of government action to remedy economic inequality e) Americans subscribe to a highly robust conception of political equality 5) A Case Study: Canada a) Most similar system i) Similar opinion dynamics/political culture ii) Similar levels of public spending iii) Both federal states b) Yet: i) deliberate effort to reduce poverty, especially among the aged ii) continuing high levels of unionization iii) universal health insurance iv) success through 1980s, with recent strains...
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Lecture 23 April 19 - b Cues and informational shortcuts c...

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