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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 1 Introduction to Social Psychology Social What is Social Psychology? What Scientific study of the way in which people’s thoughts, feelings, and actions are influenced by the real or actions imagined presence of other people. imagined Main Themes of Social Psyc Power of the situation Social reality is Social subjective/constructive, thus subject to bias and error to Social behavior is largely automatic Social psychology is a scientific Social discipline discipline Why Science and not personal experience and common sense? experience Common sense gives us conflicting Common predictions - “dueling proverbs”: predictions Does “absence make the heart grow fonder” Are “two of a feather than together” Do “birdsheads better flock one” or or is o“opposites attract”? do“out of sight,cooks spoil the broth”? d “too many out of mind”? I Does Social Psychology only Does confirm what we already know? confirm “Decades of research by social psychologists Decades have revealed that couples who live together before they marry are less likely to divorce than those who do not cohabitate before marriage” … those so the advice “test drive before you buy” is true. “Decades of research by social psychologists Decades have revealed that, whether choosing friends or falling in love, we are most attracted to people whose traits are most like our own….so the aphorism “birds of a feather flock together” is true. true. The Problem of Hindsight Bias: The “I knew it all along” phenomenon Outcomes seem obvious and easy to predict in Outcomes retrospect retrospect Makes findings of social psychology seem trite Makes and banal and When judging the decisions of others, hindsight When bias affects our evaluations of t...
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