social psych-5 September 22 (1)

social psych-5 September 22 (1) - A-Counterfactual Thinking...

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September 22, 2010 A-Counterfactual Thinking 1- Making a different outcome occur 2- Tendancy in Olympic events—silver metal winners show more negativity than bronze winners a. Hypothetical explanation: counterfactual thinking 3- Can go in two different directions: Upward vs Downward counterfactuals a. A function of proximity to cutoff 4- Upward a. They have narrowly missed something they really wanted b. Silver metal: how far away the are from gold metal (desired consequence) 5- Downward ?? a. Mentally undoing the past; however, some outcome that had disasterous consequences, now they do something different by comparing themselves to 4 th place b. Closer to receiving no metal as opposed to gold metal 6- Upward CFs = Negative affect, but increased motivation a. Provides people with motivation to try and attain narrowly missed esired outcome 7- Downward CFs = Positive affect, but no motivational enhancement a. Does not provide motivational boost b. *****recognize examples of these on exam!!! B- Is non-concious processing superior to Conscious thought? (dijksterhuis, 2004) 1- Subjects randomly assigned to 3 conditions a. Immediate decision making condition b. Conscious c. Non conscious 2- Had to choose between 4 different apartments a. Are given 35 pieces of info and 2 minutes to review it b. One choice is objectively the best, because it has positive features that outway negative features c. People are given to much info to process and not enough time to process them 3- Immediate Condition a. Had to make choice right away b. 35 % made correct choice 4- Conscious a. Was allowed to deliberate for 3 minutes b. 45% made correct choice 5- Non-Concious a. Had 3 minutes to make decision but were not allowed to think consciously because they were forced to count backward b. 58% made the same choice 6- Sometimes allowing info to ‘stir’ at back of our mind, might be a better way to come up with a solution
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Chapter 4: Social Perception A-Social Perception 1- Social perception is defined as the process by which we form impressions of and make inferences about other people a.
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