01C-1-1 (1)

Academic if achievement are related then achievement

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Unformatted text preview: evement Possibility 2: High self-esteem might cause better grades Higher SE Higher Grades Non-Experimental Research: Non-Experimental The Directionality Problem If self-esteem and academic If achievement are related, then : achievement Possibility 3: A reciprocal relationship may exist between both variables Higher SE Higher Grades Non-Experimental Research: Non-Experimental The 3rd Variable Problem Third Variables: Rather than higher SE causing better grades or better grades boosting SE, a third variable (warm, stable parenting, or high SES) may cause both. ? Self-Esteem Academic Achievement Ethical Issues In Research Ethical Welfare and Rights of subjects must be of Welfare primary concern primary Informed consent is required Deception and Concealment must be Deception justified and debriefing is necessary debriefing Institutional Review Boards must approve design and methods design How will our findings be used and How reported by others? reported...
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This document was uploaded on 02/25/2014.

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