Education's Report Card

# The overall gain made by 9 year olds since the late

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Unformatted text preview: SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), various years, 1978–2012 Long-Term Trend Mathematics Assessments. 3 0 THE NATION’S REPORT CARD ITEM MAP What 9-year-olds know and can do in mathematics The item map below illustrates a range of mathematical skills associated with scores on the longterm trend mathematics scale. Cut scores for the three performance levels reported at age 9 are highlighted in boxes on the scale. The descriptions of selected assessment questions indicate what students need to do to receive credit for a correct answer. For example, 9-year-olds with a score of 182 were likely to be able to identify a symmetric shape. Nine-year-olds with a score of 259 were likely to be able to solve an application problem involving multiple operations. Age 9 NAEP Mathematics Item Map Scale score 500 // 298 291 284 280 273 271 262 259 254 Question description Multiply two fractions (MC) Add two fractions with like denominators (MC - ages 13 and 17) Identify a relationship shown on a number line (MC) Divide a three-digit number by a two-digit number (CR) Use and interpret number models (CR - age 13) Use the transitive property (MC - ages 13 and 17) Identify a figure based on relationship to other figures (MC - age 13) Solve an application problem involving multiple operations (MC) Multiply a three-digit number by a single-digit number (MC - age 13) 250 248 244 241 237 232 228 226 222 211 209 206 200 Determine a simple probability from a context (MC) Compute the perimeter of a square (MC - age 13) Model a relationship using a number sentence (MC) Convert units of length (CR) Calculate elapsed time (MC) Solve a problem involving conversion between units of volume (MC) Divide a two-digit number by a one-digit number (CR) Subtract a two-digit number from a two-digit number (CR) Solve a story problem involving subtraction (CR) Identify congruent triangles (MC) Identify the true inequality (MC) Identify whole number place value (MC) 200 190 184 182 165 158 Read and interpret a circle graph (MC - age 13) Solve a story problem involving multiplication (MC) Identify a symmetric shape (MC - age 13) Translate number words to numerals (MC) Find the value of an unknown quantity in a number sentence (CR) 150 106 // 0 Identify a polygon (MC) CR Constructed-response question MC Multiple-choice question NOTE: Ages in parentheses indicate a cross-age question. The position of a question on the scale represents the scale score attained by students who had a 65 percent probability of successfully answering a constructed-response question, a 77 percent probability of correctly answering a three-option multiple-choice question, a 74 percent probability of correctly answering a four-option multiple-choice question, a 72 percent probability of correctly answering a five-option multiple-choice question, or a 71 percent probability of correctly answer­ ing a six-option multiple-choice question. For constructed-response questions, the question description represents students’ performance rated as completely correct. Scores associated with the three performance levels reported for age 9 are boxed. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statis...
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