And 17 recognize the meaning of a word as used in a

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Unformatted text preview: cal sketch (MC - ages 9 and 17) Recognize an explicitly stated purpose in a process description (MC - age 17) Recognize the sequence of a supporting detail in a story excerpt (MC - age 9) Generalize from details to recognize the meaning of a description (MC - ages 9 and 17) Recognize the main purpose of a description of a process (MC - ages 9 and 17) Summarize the main ideas to provide a description (CR - age 17) Connect explicit information to recognize the main idea in an expository passage (MC) 250 248 241 229 223 208 200 Locate and recognize a relevant detail in a document (MC) Locate and recognize a fact in an expository passage (MC - age 9) Recognize the main idea of a short expository passage (MC) Recognize a character's feeling in a short narrative passage (MC - age 17) Provide a key fact related to the main topic of an expository passage (CR - ages 9 and 17) Recognize a supporting detail in a short document (MC - age 9) 200 184 172 163 // 0 Recognize an explicit detail from a poem (MC - age 9) Infer the type of information based on a short paragraph (MC - age 17) Provide a fact relevant to a then-now comparison (CR - ages 9 and 17) CR Constructed-response question MC Multiple-choice question NOTE: Ages in parentheses indicate a cross-age question. The position of a question on the scale represents the scale score attained by students who had a 65 percent probability of successfully answering a constructed-response question, or a 74 percent probability of correctly answering a four-option multiple-choice question. For constructed-response questions, the question description represents students’ performance rated as completely correct. Scores associated with the three performance levels reported for age 13 are boxed. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), 2012 Long-Term Trend Reading Assessment. TRENDS IN ACADEMIC PROGRESS 2012 11 P ERCENTILE SCORES Lower performing 17-year-olds make gains Lower performing 17-year-olds made gains since the early 1970s even though the overall average reading score for this age group did not change significantly (figure 5). Scores for students at the 10th and 25th percentiles were higher in 2012 than in 1971. Short-term gains since 2008 were made only by 17-year-olds performing at the 10th percentile. Figure 5. Trend in NAEP reading percentile scores for 17-year-old students The score at the 10th percentile was 7 points higher than in 1971 and about 5 points higher than in 2008. * Significantly different (p < .05) from 2012. SOURCE: U.S. Department of Education, Institute of Education Sciences, National Center for Education Statistics, National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP), various years, 1971–2012 Long-Term Trend Reading Assessments. 1 2 THE NATION’S REPORT CARD I TEM MAP What 17-year-olds know and can do in reading As shown in the item map below, 17-year-olds w...
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