Unformatted text preview: ationship, including those in families, in
Equality (平等) ?
Dominance and Sub-ordinance (主導/從屬) ?
Moral Reciprocity (道德上的互惠) ?
9 The Three ‘Bonds’ 三綱
三綱 10 The ‘Family’ and the ‘State’ 家與國 君為臣綱
君為臣綱 . 父為子綱 . 夫為妻綱
Not just EMOTIONAL bonds, but SOCIAL bonds, i.e.
rules of social relationship (綱紀)
A political version of Confucian moral order (i.e. the
political order) from the Han dynasty (漢:董仲舒)
From Ethics (倫理, for social stability) to Rules (律法,
for political stability)
(More will be discussed in tutorial) …? Family-State as One? (家國一體?) – four
views have been posed:
Family = State ? (家=國?)
Family as the Basis of State ? (家為國之本?)
The World as one Family ? (天下一家?)
State > Family ? (先國後家?) 11 12 The ‘Family’ and the ‘State’ Differential Mode of Association
修身 推 己 齊家 治國 Proposed by 費考通 in the 1970’s in his study
on Chinese rural communities 平天下 及 人 ------------ > Interweaving “loyalty” with “filial piety” (忠+
考) in later development of moral-political
百行孝為先 vs. 精忠報國 Differential mode (差序格局) vs.
Organizational mode (團體格局) –as ‘ideal types’ (理想類型) denoting the
difference of dominant modes of
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This document was uploaded on 03/01/2014.
- Spring '13