Lec04,05 Chinese Familism

Differential mode vs organizational mode as ideal

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Unformatted text preview: ationship, including those in families, in Chinese Culture? (十義反映華人文化中的理想人際關係是怎樣的?) Equality (平等) ? Dominance and Sub-ordinance (主導/從屬) ? Moral Reciprocity (道德上的互惠) ? 9 The Three ‘Bonds’ 三綱 三綱 10 The ‘Family’ and the ‘State’ 家與國 君為臣綱 君為臣綱 . 父為子綱 . 夫為妻綱 Not just EMOTIONAL bonds, but SOCIAL bonds, i.e. rules of social relationship (綱紀) A political version of Confucian moral order (i.e. the political order) from the Han dynasty (漢:董仲舒) (儒家道統的政治版本) From Ethics (倫理, for social stability) to Rules (律法, for political stability) (More will be discussed in tutorial) …? Family-State as One? (家國一體?) – four views have been posed: Family = State ? (家=國?) Family as the Basis of State ? (家為國之本?) The World as one Family ? (天下一家?) State > Family ? (先國後家?) 11 12 The ‘Family’ and the ‘State’ Differential Mode of Association 差序格局 差序格局 家與國 修身 修身 推 己 齊家 治國 Proposed by 費考通 in the 1970’s in his study 費考通 on Chinese rural communities 平天下 及 人 ------------ > Interweaving “loyalty” with “filial piety” (忠+ 考) in later development of moral-political order 百行孝為先 百行孝為先 vs. 精忠報國 Differential mode (差序格局) vs. Organizational mode (團體格局) –as ‘ideal types’ (理想類型) denoting the difference of dominant modes of interpersona...
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