Lec07 Personality and Moral Development in Chinese Families

Dominant aggressive neuroticism emotional stability vs

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Unformatted text preview: Family’ contributing to development of personality in Chinese? 對人格發展有多大影響?) (華人文化中 “家庭 ” 對人格發展有多大影響?) 3 4 Personality Theories (人格理論) Personality Theories (人格理論) The Big-Five factors by Lewis Goldberg: Openness to experience (開放性) (open, innovative vs. traditional, staid) Conscientiousness (規律性) (orderly, dutiful vs. spontaneous, flexible) Extroversion (外向性) (extroversion vs. introversion, -- i.e. outgoing & physical-stimulation-oriented vs. quiet & physicalstimulation-averse) Agreeableness (協同性) (friendly & reconcilable vs. dominant & aggressive) Neuroticism (神經性) (emotional stability vs. emotional reactiveness) *** Any Chinese Traits (華人特徵) ? Psychoanalytic (心理分析) theories (originated from Sigmund Freud 佛洛伊德) – explain human 佛洛伊德 behaviors in terms of interaction between various components of personality – Id, Superego & Ego (原我, 超我, 自我); 超我 自我 the functioning of the `sub-conscious’ (潛意識) Humanistic (人文主義) theories – people have free will (自由意志) and being active in determining how they behave – subjective experiences of persons emphasized (強調主觀 經驗) 6 5 Personality Theories (人格理論) Personality Theories (人格理論) Behavioral (行為學派) theories – no abstract `personality’ but just observable patterns of behaviors developed from conditioning (並無抽象人格, 只有透過制約發 只有透過制約發 展而成的可觀察行為) Any Chinese `Sub-consciousness’, Chinese ways of cognitions, Chinese humanity etc.? – and if any, how are they developed and reproduced in society, particularly in the institution of Family? Cognitive (認知學派) theories – behaviors can be explained by cognitions (e.g....
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