Lecture 15- Mar 26

Lecture 15- Mar 26 - (1) The United States could compete...

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International History of the U.S. in the 20 th Century Lecture 15 March 26, 2008 Art during the Cold War 1) Piet Mondrian a) Viewed himself as a political artist b) He used primary colors and geographical shapes c) Art pieces were named after American music and dance, particularly African American music and dance 2) Hans Hofmann a) German born American abstract artist b) Had personal political motives 3) Jackson Pollock a) American abstract artist b) Art of freedom, individualism c) His paintings become very famous and are equated with these ideas 4) Willem de Kooning a) Artist from the Netherlands b) Paintings about American culture c) Also abstract expressionist 5) Art connecting the East and West a) Abstract art as freedom i) The opposite of Soviet oppression ii) Abstract art as Western iii) Existentialism iv) Connected with masculinity v) Art of genius vi) Abstract expressionism as an art painted from the inside out; individualism (1) This was the meaning behind it and why it became popular vii)The idea that liberal Cold War foreign policy understood the value of art
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Unformatted text preview: (1) The United States could compete culturally with the Soviet Union b) American Culture during the Cold War i) CIA/government funded artists and their endeavors ii) United States thought it had to compete culturally with the Soviet Union iii) Using art to exert influence 6) George Kennan a) Head of the Policy Planning Staff of the State Department b) One of his last papers was about how Latin America was not ready for democracy (1950) i) Authoritarian regimes were better for relations with the United States ii) The US should side on authoritarianism if it is faced with the decision between that and Communist 7) George Orwell a) Sees the Cold War emerging in Spain in Catalonia 8) Pablo Neruda a) Chilean diplomat in Spain and had to resign his post because he did not support the Popular Front b) Joins the Communist Party in 1945 c) Part of a movement that helps elect a government in Chile d) Has to run from anti-communists...
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This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course AMST 230 taught by Professor Sethfein during the Spring '08 term at Yale.

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Lecture 15- Mar 26 - (1) The United States could compete...

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