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Unformatted text preview: rrhea cases in two small towns and our restaurants.”
In the eight years since the Jack in the Box outbreak, approximately half a million Americans, the majority of them children, have been
made ill by E. coli 0157:H7. Thousands have been hospitalized, and hundreds have died. a bug that kills children
E. coli 0157:H7 is a mutated version of a bacterium found abundantly in the human digestive system. Most E. coli bacteria help us digest
food, synthesize vitamins, and guard against dangerous organisms. E. coli 0157:H7, on the other hand, can release a powerful toxin — called
a “verotoxin” or a “Shiga toxin” — that attacks the lining of the intestine. Some people who are infected with E. coli 0157:H7 do not become
ill. Others suffer mild diarrhea. In most cases, severe abdominal cramps are followed by watery, then bloody, diarrhea that subsides within a
week or so. Sometimes the diarrhea is accompanied by vomiting and a low-grade fever.
In about 4 percent of reported E. coli 0157:H7 cases, the Shiga toxins enter the bloodstream, causing hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS),
which can lead to kidney failure, anemia, internal bleeding, a...
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- Spring '08