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Unformatted text preview: ld and its values collapsed, so did the market for lace.
Many of Plauen’s textile mills closed, and thousands of people were thrown out of work. The social unrest that later engulfed the rest of
Germany came early to Plauen. In the 1920s Plauen had the most millionaires per capita in Germany — and the most suicides. It also had the
highest unemployment rate. Amid the misery, extremism thrived. Plauen was the first city outside of Bavaria to organize its own chapter of
the Nazi party. In May of 1923, the Hitler Youth movement was launched in Plauen, and the following year, the little city became the Nazi
headquarters for Saxony. Long before the Nazi reign of terror began elsewhere, union leaders and leftists were murdered in Plauen. Hitler
visited the city on several occasions, receiving an enthusiastic welcome. Hermann Goring and Joseph Goebbels visited too, and Plauen
became a sentimental favorite of the Nazi leadership. On the night of November 9, 1938, Kristallnacht, a crowd eagerly destroyed Plauen’s
only synagogue, a strikingly modern building designed by Bauhaus a...
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- Spring '08