Hist 259 Ids - IDS Liberal Democracy and the middle...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–2. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
IDS Liberal Democracy and the middle class/bourgeoisie: Liberal Democracy – 19 th century political and economic liberalism; advocated laissez-faire capitalism (government is best which governs least). Emphasis on individual (employees/employers meet in free market to discuss wages based on supply and demand), enlightenment, progress. Exemplified by “Masters” in Rules of the Game heavily favored the Middle Class . Most notably present in Western Europe (Britain, France) and the USA. This political ideology suffered greatly during the Depression (created a huge gap between rich and poor). Stalin, Hitler, and Mussolini greatly opposed it, which lead to an upsurge in their popularity among the people. Socialism and the working class: Socialism, (right end of political spectrum) as proposed by Marx, was the political state that comes naturally after capitalism (natural progression). Working class would increase as capitalism spread. Powerful upper middle class would gain control, set wages where workers become poppers à peasants overthrow capitalists and institute socialist society that is more classless/ progressive. Its aim was to bring wage earners into politics as a class and allow that class to grow into the decisive power of the land. It gained following in Britain, France, Germany, Hungary, Italy and most notably Russia w/ 1917 Bolshevik revolution. Fascism and Lower Middle Class – Fascism proposed a strong state ruled by a powerful leader who would revive the nation’s forces through vigorous foreign and military power. At its basis was a denial of class and dismissal of parliamentary politics. This appealed to the lower middle class (retail merchants, artisans, and other lower independent professions) who felt abandoned during the Depression. They didn’t make money like the upper middle class/bourgeoisie, but didn’t’ have unions or welfare legislation like the working class to back them up. At the same time didn’t want to identify with the lower class (as Socialism would have demanded). To them, Fascism offered the security and chance to bring organized labor to a heel in a classless society. This idea was most prominent in Nazi and Germany and Fascist Italy during the Great Depression and leading up to WWII. National Socialism –
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 2
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/08/2008 for the course HIST 259 taught by Professor Prochaska during the Fall '07 term at University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign.

Page1 / 3

Hist 259 Ids - IDS Liberal Democracy and the middle...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 2. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online