29topic_1_f07

29topic_1_f07 - Topic 1 Why Study Biology and Plants?...

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Topic 1 Topic 1 Why Study Biology and Plants? Why Study Biology and Plants?
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Biophilia Biophilia E. O. Wilson Ma n ha s  e vo lve d in the  c o nte xt o f o the r  o rg a nis m s  a nd inte ra c tio n within the   e c o s ys te m s . Ma n ne e ds  inte ra c tio n with the  “na tura l  wo rld” fo r no rm a l de ve lo pm e nt. As  a dults  o ur e m o tio na l he a lth, a nd  the re fo re  phys ic a l he a lth, is  e nha nc e d b y  inte ra c tio n with na ture
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E. O. Wilson E. O. Wilson From studying ants as social animals he was led to an interest in inherited versus learned behavior that has an adaptive advantage. Kin-selected and reciprocal altruism, different types of mating systems, aggression and other traits in various species have been shown to be inheritable adaptive behaviors. Man has evolved over millions of years in contact and context with other organisms with which he/she has learned to interact both +/-.
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E. O. Wilson E. O. Wilson Man seems to have a universal aversion to and interest in certain animals such as snakes etc. These adaptive aversions are shared with other primates. Man tends to gravitate towards certain natural settings for pleasure and emotional stability.
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Biodiversity Biodiversity “Bio lo g is ts  de fine  b io dive rs ity in the  b ro a de s t  s e ns e  a s  m e a ning  a ll o f the  va rie ty o f life —fro m   the  diffe re nt g e ne s  a t the  s a m e  c hro m o s o m e   po s itio n within po pula tio ns , up thro ug h diffe re nt  s pe c ie s  o f o rg a nis m s  in e c o s ys te m s ” “It is  im po rta nt to  s tudy e a c h o ne  in turn a nd to   unde rs ta nd fully ho w the y a re  re la te d to  e a c h  o the r: the  g e ne s , the  s pe c ie s , a nd the   e c o s ys te m s .” E.O . Wils o n
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Biodiversity Biodiversity 1.5 m illio n s pe c ie s  o f o rg a nis m s  ha ve  b e e n  de s c rib e d The re  a re  pro b a b ly 10 m illio n s pe c ie s  a live  o n  e a rth a t pre s e nt.  S o m e  e s tim a te s  a re  tha t  the re  a re  100 m illio n s pe c ie s . The s e  s pe c ie s  ha ve  c o m ple x inte ra c tio ns  in 
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29topic_1_f07 - Topic 1 Why Study Biology and Plants?...

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