Ling 101 Lec. Syntax1 - The very shiny sportscars will...

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Ling 101 Syntax Lec 1 How do we recognize the lexical category of a word? Meaning (Jabberwocky doesn’t help us there at all) Inflection Distribution Lexical categories: N, V, Sentences have structure Structural ambiguity “The photographer spotted the man with his camera” “The photographer spotted the man with his camera” More Examples: John ran up the hill John ran up the bill Do these sentences have the same structure?? How do we know? Constituent Tests evidence that phrases are syntactic units relative to a particular sentence
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Unformatted text preview: The very shiny sportscars will possibly race right around the block. Substitution o (they/it for N, do so for VP, there for PP) Movement/Cleft Coordination Question/Answer Constituents are hierarchicalone constituent may be part of another continuent. Phrasal categories: NP, VP, AP Phrases have structure Heads are required! Head of an NP is N, VP is V, AP is A Subcategorization=possible complements Complement clauses...
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Ling 101 Lec. Syntax1 - The very shiny sportscars will...

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