part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

These are often indicated by the words because as

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Unformatted text preview: ○ This means Premises Premise: A reason offered as support, or evidence, for another claim. These are often indicated by the words: ○ Because ○ As shown by ○ For ○ Given that ○ As ○ As indicated by ○ Since ○ The reason is that ○ Inasmuch as Premises Today's freshmen cannot write very well. Joe is a freshman, so he must be a poor writer. Premise Today's freshmen cannot write very well Premise Joe is a freshman, Conclusion so he must be a poor writer. What is the Conclusion in each of the Following Arguments? Abortion is wrong because all human life is sacred. Abortion is wrong. It’s flu season and you work with kids, so you should get a flu shot. You should get a flu shot. We should believe that rocks exist because we are able to see them. Rocks Exist What is the Conclusion in each of the Following Arguments? John will probably receive the next promotion since he’ s been here the longest John will receive the next promotion We must reduce the amount of money we spend on space exploration. Right now, the enemy is launching a massive military buildup, and we need the additional money to purchase military equipment to help match the anticipated increase in the enemy’s strength We must reduce the amount of money we spend on space exploration. What is the Conclusion in each of the Following Arguments? It’s a beautiful day. We should go to the park. Besides, I need some exercise. We should go to the park. That movie has had horrible reviews. My sister saw it and said it was boring and her friend spotted three mistakes. Pick a different movie. I am sure we can find something better. We should pick a different movie. Claim: statement about the truth or value of something that is either true or false Argument: a conclusion and a supporting premise together Conclusion: the main claim or point in an argument that’s supported by premises Premises: pieces of evidence that support the conclusion CLICK HERE for Practice Identifying the Premises and Conclusions of Arguments Part 3: Standard Argument Form Identify the Premises and Conclusion Identify the Premises and Conclusion Rewrite the argument in standard form ● Step 1: Identify which claim is the conclusion. ● Step 2: Identify which claims are premises supporting conclusion Standard Form 1 Premise 1 2 Premise 2 Conclusion Identify the Premises and Conclusion All black dogs are warm-blooded because they are mammals, and all mammals are warm-blooded Standard Form Premise 1: Premise 2: Conclusion: Identify the Premises and Conclusion All black dogs are warm-blooded because they are mammals, and all mammals are warm-blooded “because” = indicates a Premise Standard Form Premise 1: Black dogs are mammals Premise 2: All mammals are warm-blooded Conclusion: All black dogs are warm-blooded Identify the Premises and Conclusion He must be a good basketball player. After all, he’s tall, and all tall people are good basketball players. Standard Form Premise 1: Premise 2: Conclusion: Identify the Premises and Co...
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