part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

Write the two arguments presented with the following

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: tations Conclusion: one cannot claim that the Parking officers are issuing unwarranted citations. Write the two arguments presented with the following statements You shouldn’t take that job. The pay is lousy, which will make it hard for you to pay your bills, and that will make you unhappy. Main Argument Premise 1: Premise 2: Conclusion: Secondary Argument Premise 1: Premise 2: Conclusion: Write the two arguments presented with the following statements You shouldn’t take that job. The pay is lousy, which will make it hard for you to pay your bills, and that will make you unhappy. Main Argument Premise 1: The lousy pay of that job will make it hard for you to pay your bills Premise 2: Not being able to pay your bills will make you unhappy Conclusion: You shouldn’t take that job Secondary Argument Premise 1: it hard for you to pay your bills Premise 2: Not being able to pay your bills Conclusion: It will make you unhappy Identify the Premises and Conclusion You shouldn’t take that job. The pay is lousy, which will make it hard for you to pay your bills, and that will make you unhappy. Main Argument Premise 1: The lousy pay of that job will make it hard for you to pay your bills Premise 2: Not being able to pay your bills will make you unhappy Conclusion: You shouldn’t take that job The following argument consists of several conclusions You spend too much time playing video games. You are not getting enough sleep and your grades are slipping. I think you need to change your daily routine. Make a list of your priorities. If you don’t, I think you’re headed for big trouble. Write the claims in standard form in the chart on the next slide. 1. You may have multiple conclusions 2. Support each conclusion with at least one premise written above it. 3. Some claims may support multiple conclusions. 4. Write as many standard argument forms as needed. You spend too much time playing video games. You are not getting enough sleep and your grades are slipping. I think you need to change your daily routine. Make a list of your priorities. If you don’t, I think you’re headed for big trouble. Part 4 Recognizing Good Arguments 1. More Argumentation Key Terms 2. Valid and Invalid Arguments 3. Sound and Unsound Arguments Recognizing a Good Argument 1. The premises must all be true - or plausible to a given audience This is called the The Truth Condition 2. The conclusion must logically follow from the premises This is called the The Logic Condition Click to View the Linked YouTube Video Below Argumentation Key Terms Valid: An argument whose premises logically lead to its conclusion. To say the argument is valid is to say that it is logically impossible for its premises to be true and its conclusion false. Invalid: If an argument is invalid, then it is possible for the conclusion to be false even if all the premises are true. Unsound: An argument that has at least one false premise Sound: An argument that is valid and contains only TRUE premises Inductive Reasoning: A process of reasoning in which we use small, specific examples or observation to reach a BIG, general rule, conclusion or theory Deductive Reasoning: A process of reasoning in which we start with a general rule or conclusion and look to see whether specific evidence supports, or fits, that previously held belief Valid Argument A Valid Argument...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online