part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

Part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

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(()(Basic ))*)Components° 9Structure and 32Logic of ''('Argumentation 6Parts ±²³
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(()(Basic ))*)Components of ''('Argumentation 6Part ±
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“Master the machinery of [logic], and you have a mental occupation always at hand… that will be of real use to you in any subject you take up. It will give you clearness of thought – the ability to see your way through a puzzle – the habit of arranging your ideas in an orderly and get- at-able form – and, more valuable than all, the power to detect fallacies, and to tear to pieces the flimsy illogical arguments, which you will so continually encounter in books, in newspapers, in speeches, and even in sermons, and which so easily delude those who have never taken the trouble to master this fascinating Art. Try it. That is all I ask of you!” -Lewis Carroll
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6Part ´$ ! +,+Elements of an ''('Argument 1. Key Terms 2. Identifying Conclusions 3. Identifying Premises 6Part ±$ ! 8Recognizing +,+Elements of -.-Good ''('Arguments 1. More Key Terms 2. Valid and Invalid Arguments 3. Sound and Unsound Arguments 6Part µ$ ! /0/Inductive and **+*Deductive 8Reasoning ))*)Contents of this 6Presentation ))*)Click below to jump to a section
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6Part ´$ ! +,+Elements of an ''('Argument 1. Argumentation Key Terms 2. Identifying Conclusions 3. Identifying Premises
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))*)Claim $ ! a statement or opinion that is either true or false ''('Argument $ ! a claim supported by premises ))*)Conclusion $ ! the main claim in an argument 6Premises $ ! claims that support an argument’s conclusion ''('Argumentation 21Key :Terms
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))*)Claim ))*)Claim : an assertion about the truth° existence° or value of something that is either true or false ))*)Claims are also called <9YYJGQYYKUS]RKU^SYYXX or 96WW_T`UU_TXXOYNYYOYN_T^SXX When supported by a premises° a claim becomes a conclusion ż =:DNXOYNXX LISR\QJGQXXXX OYNXX KUJGQXX^^^± ż =:DNXKU 'KUYYWW_TOYNYY 5OYN_T^SXX NXJGQ[[KU YYNXKU `UU_TYYKU^SYYOYNJGQR\Q YY_T S]RJGQQ[PKU YYNXKU 7/5 `UUR\QJGQ^^^_TLVLVXX± ż =:DNXOYNXX LISNXKUS]ROYNLISJGQR\Q XXYYWWZZLISYYZZWWKU OYNXX ZZ^SXXYYJGQKHRR\QKU± ż 'KUS]R_TLISWWJGQYYOYNLIS XX_TLISOYNJGQR\QOYNXXS]R OYNXX XXZZ`UUKUWWOYN_TWW YY_T JGQ `UUZZWWKU JTKUS]R_TLISWWJGQLIS^^^±
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''('Argument ''('Argument : an assertion that contains (()(B5O:T./.H a conclusion and premises ż 54Not all statements are arguments ż ''('A statement of fact or opinion based on evidence ż 9Some statements contain multiple arguments
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8lick to View the Linked YouTube Video 7elow
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Which of the following is an argument%%&% <Vending machines stocked with soda or candy should be removed from all public schools¶ 9Star Wars is the best movie ever¶ We’d better leave now¶ /0/If we don’t° we might miss the last train and we’ll be stuck here all night¶ ż 54N5O:T ''('A54N ''('A8R-.-G;U43M+,+E54N:T¶ /0/It offers no support ż 54N5O:T ''('A54N ''('A8R-.-G;U43M+,+E54N:T¶ /0/It offers no support ż :T./.H/0/I9S /0/I9S ''('A54N ''('A8R-.-G;U43M+,+E54N:T¶ /0/It offers support ·premises¸ to support the claim¶
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))*)Conclusions ))*)Conclusion : The main claim of an argument that is supported by a premise Ɣ It’s the logical result of the relationship between the premises.
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