part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

Part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

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Basic Components± Structure and Logic of Argumentation Parts ²³´
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Basic Components of Argumentation Part ±
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“Master the machinery of [logic], and you have a mental occupation always at hand… that will be of real use to you in any subject you take up. It will give you clearness of thought – the ability to see your way through a puzzle – the habit of arranging your ideas in an orderly and get- at-able form – and, more valuable than all, the power to detect fallacies, and to tear to pieces the flimsy illogical arguments, which you will so continually encounter in books, in newspapers, in speeches, and even in sermons, and which so easily delude those who have never taken the trouble to master this fascinating Art. Try it. That is all I ask of you!” -Lewis Carroll
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Part ± Elements of an Argument 1. Key Terms 2. Identifying Conclusions 3. Identifying Premises Part ² Recognizing Elements of Good Arguments 1. More Key Terms 2. Valid and Invalid Arguments 3. Sound and Unsound Arguments Part ³ Inductive and Deductive Reasoning Contents of this Presentation Click below to jump to a section
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Part ± Elements of an Argument 1. Argumentation Key Terms 2. Identifying Conclusions 3. Identifying Premises
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Claim a statement or opinion that is either true or false Argument a claim supported by premises Conclusion the main claim in an argument Premises claims that support an argument’s conclusion Argumentation Key Terms
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Claim Claim : an assertion about the truth± existence± or value of something that is either true or false Claims are also called 9YQYURUSYX or 6WTuTXNYNTSX When supported by a premises± a claim becomes a conclusion ż DxNX sqQXX NX UQX^± ż DxU 'UYWTNY 5NTSX xQ[U YxU uTYUSYNQq YT RQPU YxU 7/5 uqQ^TVVX± ż DxNX sxURNsQq XYWZsYZWU NX ZSXYQrqU± ż 'URTsWQYNs XTsNQqNXR NX XZuUWNTW YT Q uZWU tURTsWQs^±
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Argument Argument : an assertion that contains BOTH a conclusion and premises ż Not all statements are arguments ż A statement of fact or opinion based on evidence ż Some statements contain multiple arguments
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8lick to View the Linked YouTube Video 7elow
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Which of the following is an argument% Vending machines stocked with soda or candy should be removed from all public schools± Star Wars is the best movie ever± We’d better leave now± If we don’t² we might miss the last train and we’ll be stuck here all night± ż NOT AN ARGUMENT± It offers no support ż NOT AN ARGUMENT± It offers no support ż THIS IS AN ARGUMENT± It offers support ³premises´ to support the claim±
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Conclusions Conclusion : The main claim of an argument that is supported by a premise Ɣ It’s the logical result of the relationship between the premises. Identifying the Conclusion is the first step in understanding the argument
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± Keys to Identifying the Conclusion ²³ Ask´ “Is the statement the main point´ or is it a claim given to support another statement in the argument ±³ Identify the indicator word that often precedes
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Part 2-5 basic components, structure and logic of argumentation

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