Ling 101 Syntax2 Notes - Ling 101 Syntax 2 Lec Notes...

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Ling 101 Syntax 2 Lec Notes Categories of Words: Lexical categories : N, V, A and P (also adverbs) Functional categories: Det, Aux, Deg, Conj (also pronouns and complementizers) Determining category: Meaning Inflection Distribution Phrase Structure: Sentence ambiguity indicates internal structure Sentences are made up of constituent phrases Tests for sentence constituents: Substitution test Movement test Coordination test
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NPs: Textbooks NP N The horse NP DetN Boys in the hood NP N PP The cat in the hat NP DetN PP Babies who won’t stop crying NP N CP In general: NP (spec) N (complement) PPs: in PP P almost on PP Deg P over the moon PP P NP right down the line PP Deg P NP In general: PP (spec) P (complement) APs: jealous AP A nearly finished AP Deg A done with classes AP A PP quite certain about Mary AP Deg A PP In general: AP (spec) A (complement) So to generalize: XP (spec) X (complement) Let’s give this some structure: XP
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Ling 101 Syntax2 Notes - Ling 101 Syntax 2 Lec Notes...

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