Ling 101 Syntax lec 3

Ling 101 Syntax lec 3 - Ling 101 Syntax Lec 3 Reasons to...

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Unformatted text preview: Ling 101 Syntax Lec 3 Reasons to posit IP • Aux and tense never co-exist; they are in complementary distribution Assumption: • They are two versions of the same thing--“Infl”. • Infl is either overt (as in Aux) or is realised as tense on the verb. • Infl (or just “I”) is the head of it’s own phrase, IP Yes-No Questions English Subject-Aux Inversion Fred can tie his shoelaces Can Fred tie his shoelaces? Dmitri paid for dinner Did Dmitri pay for dinner? • Both can be understood as manifestations of the same thing: I C movement. • If Infl is not overt in the underlying form, we get Do instead. I C movement in other langauges In English, inversion only applies to auxiliary verbs (and Do), since these are found in I. Main verbs don’t invert, since these are in V: Roderick wrote a letter *Wrote Roderick a letter? But in French, inversion applies to MAIN verbs as well: Allez-vous au restaurant?...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2009 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Galloway during the Spring '09 term at Cornell.

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Ling 101 Syntax lec 3 - Ling 101 Syntax Lec 3 Reasons to...

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