Ling 101 Phonology.Lec2 - They must be in complementary...

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Ling 101 What we covered previously: --Difference between phonetics and phonology Phonetics=physical manifestation Phonology=mental representation --One goal of phonology is to identify the distinctive features in a given language -- phonemes are phonological units that differ in distinctive features to determine the phonemic inventory of a language, we look for minimal pairs --The choice of which features are distinctive or contrastive is language specific Example: aspiration in English vs. aspiration in Thai --When an underlying phoneme is realized in phonetically distinct ways, these variants are called allophones --To determine if two segments are allophones of a single phoneme: They must be phonetically similar
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Unformatted text preview: They must be in complementary distribution--Native speakers are unaware of allophonic variation f, v, , , s, z, , p, b, t, d, k, g t , d +cons-syll-sonorant +continuant-continuant-DR +DR m, n, r l +cons-syll +sonorant-continuant +continuant-lateral +lateral Hebrew Consider these phonetic forms of Hebrew words: [v]-[b] [f]-[p] bika lamented litef stroked mugbal limited sefer book avar broke (masc.) sataf washed avra broke (fem.) para cow ikev delayed mitpaxat handkerchief bara created ha alpim the Alps Determine the conditioning environment for the allophonic variation seen...
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This note was uploaded on 01/10/2009 for the course LING 101 taught by Professor Galloway during the Spring '09 term at Cornell University (Engineering School).

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Ling 101 Phonology.Lec2 - They must be in complementary...

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