Lesson 12 SG - Key Terms Persons and Events Identify and...

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Key Terms, Persons and Events - Identify and Explain the Importance in History Using Complete Sentences: domestic slave trade: This was the system in which surplus workers were traded between states in the south. This benefited the economy because they were able to sell the workers, and the product of their labor to earn about 20 percent more income than before.Southern Gentry: This was the group of traditional aristocrats from the South who gained their wealth from their tobacco and rice sales. Plantations: A simple definition for the term would be a large estate on which large amounts of crops are grown for sale.cash crop: This is the term for plant crops that are sold for a profit. This is different from livestock sales.gang-labor system: This was a system of labor in which there was a constant work pace throughout the day.Planters: These were the families that owned slaves in the south. There was a hierarchy of such families that ranged from elites to yeomen.smallholding yeomen: These were slave owners who only held one to five laborers at a time.Tenants: They were not slaves, but propertyless farmers who worked the estates of their wealthy landlords.Texas War of Independence: Also known as the Texas Revolution, this war was a military conflict between the Mexican government and the Texan colonists. Finally resolved by the Mexican-American war, Texas was eventually annexed to the United States.Stephen Austin: His father, Moses Austin was one of the first to receive a grant from the Mexican government. He settled smallholding farmers on his grant. Stephen got even more land from the government and sold it to newcomers.Santa Anna: General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna wanted to impost national authority throughout Mexico. As president, he vowed that he would put a stop to the rebellion.Essay Questions for Critical Thought and Directed Reading:How would you explain the large and expanding domestic trade in slaves between 1800 and 1860? What combination of factors produced this result?Part of what increased the amount of domestic slave trade was the booming cotton industry in the south. By 1840, they were producing almost 2/3 of the world's cotton crops. The large demand fr

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