Speciation

Oligoce n e miohippus hyracotherium grazers browsers

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Unformatted text preview: herium Grazers Browsers What is a species (comes from latin for What “kind” or “appearance”)? “kind” Carolus Linnaeus, a Swedish physician and botanist • Used physical characteristics to distinguish species Used • Developed the binomial (two part) system of naming Developed organisms organisms • Humans are Homo sapiens meaning “wise being” Humans meaning Linnaeus’ system established the basis for taxonomy in Linnaeus’ the 18th century- he named over 11,000 species in this the way! • The branch of biology concerned with naming and The classifying the diverse forms of life classifying Similarities between some species and Similarities variation within a species variation • Can make defining species difficult Eastern vs Western Meadowlark Downy vs Hairy Woodpecker Biological Species Concept described in 1942 by Ernst Mayr A group of populations whose members have the potential to interbreed in nature and produce fertile offspring (who themselves can reproduce)....
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This document was uploaded on 02/26/2014 for the course ENG 102 at Maryland.

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