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and disposing of sharps devices before beginning a procedure.
• Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) – barriers and filters between the
worker and the hazard. Examples include eye goggles, face shields,
gloves, masks, and gowns.
Least Effective Safer Devices
There is solid evidence that devices with safety features significantly reduce needlestick
injuries (NIOSH, 1999):
• Needleless or protected-needle IV systems decreased needlestick injuries related
to IV connectors between 62-88%.
Phlebotomy injuries were reduced by 76% with a self-blunting needle, 66% with
a hinged needle shield, and 23% with a sliding-shield, winged-steel
Phlebotomy injuries were reduced by 82% with a needle shield, but a recapping
device had minimal impact.
Safer IV catheters that encase the needle after use reduced needlestick injuries
related to IV insertion by 83% in three hospitals. 10 Excitement has spread among advocates for safer needle design as they read the results of
the 2001 data as reported by Dr. J...
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- Summer '11
- English, Occupational safety and health, health care workers