Many nurses throughout the world are living with

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Unformatted text preview: experience. Many nurses throughout the world are living with occupationally acquired AIDS, and many have died from it. Concerns about HIV contaminated blood led to the 1991 OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard and CDC’s Universal Precautions. • • • • • • • The transmission rate of occupationally acquired HIV after an exposure is 0.3% (1 in 300). In other words, if a health care worker is stuck by a needle or cut by a sharp that is contaminated with the blood of an HIV patient, there is a 1 in 300 chance that she or he will be infected with HIV. As of June 2001, there were 57 CDC-documented cases of health care workers with occupationally acquired HIV and at least 137 cases of possible transmissions (CDC, 2003). Based on the prevalence of HIV, 35 new cases of occupationally-acquired HIV are estimated to occur annually (International Health Care Worker Safety Center, 1999). Health care workers primarily have been infected with HIV after needlestick and sharps injuries or, rarely, after infected blood gets into a worker’s open cut or a mucous membrane (for e...
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This document was uploaded on 02/27/2014 for the course ENGLISH 101 at Montgomery College.

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