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Unformatted text preview: decline in CD4+ T cell numbers and the development of AIDS. Reducing
the amount of virus in the body with anti-HIV drugs can slow this immune system
In addition to occupational exposure, HIV is spread by sexual contact with an
infected person, by sharing needles and/or syringes (primarily for drug injection)
with someone who is infected, or, less commonly (and now very rarely in
countries where blood is screened for HIV antibodies), through transfusions of
infected blood or blood clotting factors.
Babies born to HIV infected women may become infected before or during birth
or through breast-feeding after birth. Treatment:
There is currently no HIV vaccine. While aggressive research continues in the U.S. and
around the globe, a vaccine is still years and probably decades away. New medications,
including antiretroviral drugs, can slow the development of HIV/AIDS. For the latest
information on drug guidelines, contact the U.S. Department of Health and Human
Services AIDS Info, which is included in the Internet Resource List. The OSHA
Bloodborne Pathogen Standard requires employers to evaluate and treat health care
workers in accordance with the latest post-exposure assessment, prophylaxis, and
treatment guidelines that a...
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- Summer '11