Reducing the amount of virus in the body with anti

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Unformatted text preview: decline in CD4+ T cell numbers and the development of AIDS. Reducing the amount of virus in the body with anti-HIV drugs can slow this immune system destruction. In addition to occupational exposure, HIV is spread by sexual contact with an infected person, by sharing needles and/or syringes (primarily for drug injection) with someone who is infected, or, less commonly (and now very rarely in countries where blood is screened for HIV antibodies), through transfusions of infected blood or blood clotting factors. Babies born to HIV infected women may become infected before or during birth or through breast-feeding after birth. Treatment: There is currently no HIV vaccine. While aggressive research continues in the U.S. and around the globe, a vaccine is still years and probably decades away. New medications, including antiretroviral drugs, can slow the development of HIV/AIDS. For the latest information on drug guidelines, contact the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services AIDS Info, which is included in the Internet Resource List. The OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Standard requires employers to evaluate and treat health care workers in accordance with the latest post-exposure assessment, prophylaxis, and treatment guidelines that a...
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