Sharps injury prevention while exposure to bloodborne

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Unformatted text preview: effective in up to 40% of patients. These drugs should not be used in pregnant women. Alcohol use can make liver disease worse. SHARPS INJURY PREVENTION While exposure to bloodborne pathogens is one of the most deadly hazards that nurses face on a daily basis, it is also one of the most preventable. Over 80% of needlestick injuries can be prevented with the use of safer needle devices (CDC, 1997), which, in conjunction with worker education and work practice controls, can reduce injuries by over 90% (Jagger, 1996). The first safer needle designs were patented in the 1970s. In 1992, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) (1992) issued an alert to all health care facilities to use needleless IV systems wherever possible. That alert was merely a recommendation, and it took another eight years for it to be required by law. Despite FDA approval of hundreds of 8 safer devices, less than 15% of U.S. hospitals used safer needle devices and systems prior to the implementation of state and federal laws (M...
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