The majority of infections have resulted from

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Unformatted text preview: xample, the eyes or inside the nose). The majority of infections have resulted from injuries from hollow-bore, blood-filled devices. Less frequently, workers have been infected via solid sharps (like suture needles or scalpels) and splash exposures (NIOSH, 1999). The body fluids of most concern for HIV transmission are: blood, semen, vaginal fluid, breast milk, and other body fluids containing blood. Other body fluids that may transmit the virus include: cerebrospinal fluid surrounding the brain and the spinal cord, saliva transmitted in dental procedures, synovial fluid surrounding bone joints, and amniotic fluid surrounding a fetus. Transmission of HIV From Infected Health Care Workers to Patients: • • • This remains a serious concern for all health care professionals and for the public. No health care worker would intentionally harm a patient. The studies in the United States have shown only one instance of patients being infected by a health care worker, but this must be constantly tracked and evaluated. Investigations have been completed involving more than 22,000 patients of 63 HIV-infected physicians, surgeons, and dentists, and no other cases of...
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