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Who is at risk health care and public safety workers

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Unformatted text preview: atus. Those recommendations were made by the US Public Health Service in 2001 (CDC, 2001). Who is at risk? • • • • • • Health care and public safety workers People with multiple sex partners Men who have sex with men IV drug users Infants born to infected mothers Hemodialysis patients The Disease: • • • • • About 30% of infected people demonstrate no symptoms. Symptoms can include jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and joint pain. Death from liver disease can occur in 15-25% of chronically infected people. Transmission occurs via blood and body fluids and is spread via unprotected sex with an infected partner, IV drug use, and mother-child transmission. There are approximately 1.25 million chronically infected people in the U.S., 20-30% of whom acquired their infection during childhood. The highest rate of disease occurs among 20-49-year-olds. Treatment: • • • Alpha interferon and lamivudine are used to treat chronic hepatitis B. They are...
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