Who is at risk health care and public safety workers

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: atus. Those recommendations were made by the US Public Health Service in 2001 (CDC, 2001). Who is at risk? • • • • • • Health care and public safety workers People with multiple sex partners Men who have sex with men IV drug users Infants born to infected mothers Hemodialysis patients The Disease: • • • • • About 30% of infected people demonstrate no symptoms. Symptoms can include jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and joint pain. Death from liver disease can occur in 15-25% of chronically infected people. Transmission occurs via blood and body fluids and is spread via unprotected sex with an infected partner, IV drug use, and mother-child transmission. There are approximately 1.25 million chronically infected people in the U.S., 20-30% of whom acquired their infection during childhood. The highest rate of disease occurs among 20-49-year-olds. Treatment: • • • Alpha interferon and lamivudine are used to treat chronic hepatitis B. They are...
View Full Document

Ask a homework question - tutors are online