Unformatted text preview: atus. Those
recommendations were made by the US Public Health Service in 2001 (CDC, 2001).
Who is at risk?
• Health care and public safety workers
People with multiple sex partners
Men who have sex with men
IV drug users
Infants born to infected mothers
Hemodialysis patients The Disease:
• About 30% of infected people demonstrate no symptoms. Symptoms can include
jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, nausea, vomiting, and joint
Death from liver disease can occur in 15-25% of chronically infected people.
Transmission occurs via blood and body fluids and is spread via unprotected sex
with an infected partner, IV drug use, and mother-child transmission.
There are approximately 1.25 million chronically infected people in the U.S.,
20-30% of whom acquired their infection during childhood.
The highest rate of disease occurs among 20-49-year-olds. Treatment:
• Alpha interferon and lamivudine are used to treat chronic hepatitis B. They are...
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- Summer '11