needle stick report - American Nurses Association...

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1 American Nurses Association – Independent Study Module Needlestick Safety and Prevention ABSTRACT Every day, health care workers are exposed to dangerous and deadly bloodborne pathogens through contaminated needlesticks, sharps, or splash exposures. It is one of the greatest risks faced by the frontline health care worker. Yet, these exposures have often been considered “part of the job.” The Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act was signed into law in November 2000 and became effective in April 2001. The passage of this federal needlestick legislation was part of a plan by the American Nurses Association (ANA) and other health care worker advocates to achieve an amendment to the federal Occupational Health and Safety Administration (OSHA) Bloodborne Pathogens Standard. The purpose of this Indedpendent Study Module is to inform nurses about the law, the additional protections it provides, and present other strategies the nurse can use to reduce occupational exposure to bloodborne pathogens. OBJECTIVES 1. Identify five key components of the Needlestick Safety and Prevention Act of 2000. 2. Discuss the impact of safe practice/safe needle devices on nurses’ health and well being. 3. Explain the key elements of the OSHA Compliance Directive for the Bloodborne Pathogens Standard and strategies for identifying and reporting non-compliance. 4. Explore proactive strategies for promoting a culture of safety in the workplace. 5. Describe ANA activities to promote health and safety in the workplace for nurses. AUTHORS Mary Foley, MS, RN Mary Foley is the Immediate Past-President of the American Nurses Association. She received a Master's degree in nursing administration and occupational health and is currently in a PhD program in nursing policy. She has worked at the hospital, state, and national level to address healthcare worker safety, particularly in the area of needlestick injury prevention. Annemarie T. Leyden, EdD, RN Dr. Annemarie T. Leyden is Chief, Learning Resources (Director of Education) at the VA New York Harbor Healthcare System in New York City. She is a Clinical Specialist in Medical/Surgical Nursing and serves on the VA NY Harbor Safety Committee. She was appointed as an Expert Advisor to the ANA Safe Needles Save Lives project in 2002- 2003 funded by an OSHA Susan Harwood Training Grant. Dr. Leyden recently
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2 completed a doctorate in Leadership and Organizational studies with a focus on Adult Learning at Columbia University in New York City. INTRODUCTION Work-Related Bloodborne Pathogen Exposure: The Risks for Health Care Workers Every percutaneous needlestick and sharps injury carries a risk of infection from bloodborne pathogens. Yet, these exposures often have been considered “part of the job.” Health care workers primarily are exposed to these pathogens via contaminated needlestick and sharps injuries. You probably know at least one colleague who has sustained an injury, or perhaps you have been stuck yourself. It is important that you and your colleagues fully understand these risks.
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