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Presentation Brazil-Argentina-Spain

Presentation Brazil-Argentina-Spain - Brazil Argentina and...

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Brazil, Argentina and Spain >oNberto %ManPdMarrMa >MafMael 3MaspMar <ePdro 3entiOco 'Marío >oPdriguez
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Program 1. Fertility 2. Mortality 3. Population overview and migration 4. Conclusions and discussion
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Fertility
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Fertility in Brazil Total Fertility Rates ° )'+elow replacement level ±²³#!´ in ´µ²´¶ ° .2Impact of high urbanization rate ° Rising income ° -1Higher education levels ° ,0Greater access to birth control ° .2Impact of soap operas -2+1 720$1,2 $1' :,//,$0 (± 0&18/7<² 1*0 67$)) 6285&(6" %$552³/(( ('8&$7,21$/ $77$,10(17 '$7$6(7# %5$=,/,$1 ,167,787( 2) *(2*5$3+< $1' 67$7,67,&6 ´,%*(µ# 68=$1$ 0± &$9(1$*+,² ,%*(# $/%(572 &+21* $1' 68=$11( '85<($² ,17(5³$0(5,&$1 '(9(/230(17 %$1.# &$5/ 3± 6&+0(570$11² )/25,'$ 67$7( 81,9(56,7<
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Fertility in Brazil Population growth in Brazil
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Fertility in Brazil Some facts: - The number of pregnancies fell from 3.2 million in 2000 to 2.9 mi in 2008 (most of it among women from 15-24 years old) - Emergency contraception has been available free of charge at public health clinics since 2004 - Abortion is illegal but the number of illegal abortions is estimated to be around 1 million per year
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- Public daycares open from 7:15 to 17:00 - 180 days of paid maternity leave - Growth of the women participation on the workforce from 58% in 2000 to 63% in 2005 - Number of pregnant mothers with more than 40 years grew 27% from 1991 to 2000 -Women with 7 or less years of study have an average of 3.19 childs and have an average age of 25.2 years while those with 8 or plus years of study have 1.68 childs and 27.8 years in average
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Fertility in Spain
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Crude death and birth rates in Spain
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TFR in Argentina
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GDP Argentina
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Fertility
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Fertility rates in Latin America
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Mortality
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Life Expectancy Argentina
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Infant Mortality Argentina
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Causes of Death Argentina
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Mortality in Brazil Crude Death Rate Sources: Simões & Monteiro, 2000 ( 1940 - 1985); IBGE , 2006c (1995 - 2004)
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