Motivation Concepts

Performing a task o increase s e enactive mastery

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Unformatted text preview: formance - Goal- Setting Theory: A theory that says that specific and difficult goals, with feedback, lead to higher performance o Challenging goals get our attention and thus tend to help us focus o Difficult goals energize us because we have to work harder to attain them (Easy vs hard exams) o Try to attain harder goals o Discover strategies that help us perform the job or task more effectively - Management by objective (MBO): A program that encompasses specific goals, participatively set, for an explicit time period, with feedback on goal progress o More systematic way to utilize goal- setting - Self- efficacy Theory: An individual’s belief that he or she is capable of performing a task o Increase S- E: Enactive mastery: gaining relevant experience with the task or job Vicarious modeling: becoming more confident because you see someone else doing the task Verbal persuasion: becoming more confident because someone convinces you that you have the skills necessary ro be successful • Pygmalion/Galatea effects Arousal: Leads to an energized state, so the person gets “psyched up” and performs better - - Reinforcement Theory: A theory that behavior is a function of its consequences o Operant Conditioning: People learn to behave to get something they want or to avoid something they don’t want o Behaviorism: A theory that argue...
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