Motivation Concepts

Their job inputs and outcomes with those of others

Info iconThis preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Unformatted text preview: s that behavior follows stimuli in a relatively unthinking manner o Social- learning theory: The view that we can learn through both observation and direct experience Attentional processes - people learn from a model only when they recognize and pay attention to its critical features Retention processes - A model’s influence depends on how well the individual remembers the model’s action after the model is no longer readily available Motor reproduction processes - After a person has seen a new behavior by observing the model, watching must be converted to doing Reinforcement processes - Individuals are motivated to exhibit the modeled behavior if positive incentives or rewards are provided o Types of Reinforcement Positive Reinforcement: rewarding good action and a good job Negative Reinforcement: Removing something that is bothering them (If Candace was shaking, and I did something, she stops) Punishment: Punishing wrong actions - Equity Theory/ Organizational Justice o Equity theory: A theory that says that individual compare their job inputs and outcomes with those of others and then respond to eliminate any inequities 4 referent comparisons • Self- inside: An employee’s experiences in a different position inside the employee’s current organization • Self- outside: An employee’s experiences in a situation or position outside the current employee’s organization • Other- inside: Another individual or group of individuals inside the employee’s organization • Other- outside: Another individual or group of individuals outside the employee’s organization Employees may compare themselves to friends, neighbors, co- workers, or colleagues in other organizations or compare their present job with past jobs Based on equity theory, employees who perceive inequality will...
View Full Document

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

Ask a homework question - tutors are online