ANTH 152 Midterm Study Guide

4 materialist versus culturalcognitive analysis of

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Unformatted text preview: ory proposes negative and positive feedback loops. Stable populations of hunter ­gatherers are an example of negative feedback loops and centralized states are an example of positive feedback loops. There are 4 processes that characterize states: nucleation, stratification, differentiation, and centralization. 4) Materialist versus cultural/cognitive analysis of political processes. What drives political changes: material conditions like the relationship of food production to environmental conditions or ideational/cultural changes about how people in a society think about leadership? 5) Enlightenment theories of politics in society (Vincent Part I). 6) Religion in politics: legitimacy, sacred versus secular, symbols and political power. Religion and resistance strategies: revitalization movements. Juergensmeyer’s discussion of religion and terrorism in the last 40 years. 7) Structure and process in political theory. Structural ­functionalism – what does this theory propose about the functions of political institutions in human societies? Process theory – how is process theory different from structural ­functionalist view of politics and culture? 8) Individuals in political arenas – game theory and action theory. Anth 152 Fall 2011 S. Luthra 9) ‘Weapons of the Weak’ – what kinds of processes/tools do the powerless use to resist and/or rebel against powerful elites? Describe the different strategies of Black activists in America from the 1950’s to the 1970’s to reshape American society and political institutions....
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