Great Soloists of the Swing Era

Great Soloists of the Swing Era - Great Soloists of the...

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Unformatted text preview: Great Soloists of the Swing Era In an era of big bands and composers, jazz musicians continue to develop the art of improvisation Tenor Sax: Coleman Hawkins Father" of jazz saxophone, as Armstrong was to trumpet First to create the modern jazz saxophone sound Est. the tradition of tenor sax as the primary "solo chair" in the reed section of a big band Significantly advanced jazz sax technique Developed new, influential approaches to improvisation (b Tenor Sax Coleman Hawkins (1904-1969) "Body and Soul" Tenor Sax: Lester Young Lester Young (1909-1959) Early years, w family of musicians Star soloist with Count Basie band in 30's and 40's, considered by many to be the best improviser of the swing era Young, Jazz and their influence on Beat Culture Independent spirit, focus on improvised melodies and form were attractive to new "beat" generation of poets, writers, artists. Countercultural, jazz "lifestyle" myth attracted young beats, as well. Young- especially, epitomized "cool" to many beat writers who write in the late 40's and through the 50's. J. Kerouac "On the Road", A. Ginsberg "Howl", Burroughs "Naked Lunch" Beat culture actually had little in common with jazz culture jazz largely "appropriated" by young, nave beats searching for role models Lester Young Like many of the era, became addicted to heroin Drafted in 1940 at age 35- drug habit put him in stockade where he met Bill Evans Lester Young Later years, recorded with his own combo, and frequently with singer Billie Holiday Suffered from effects of drug addiction My Man Don't Love Me (Blues) w/Billie Holiday\ Lester Young w/ Buddy Rich, Hank Jones, other greats of the era Comparing Styles: Lester Young and Coleman Hawkins Young- lighter tone than most; melodically graceful Hawkins- heavier, "gruff" sound; more advanced harmonically Young's velvety tone and melodic grace were major influences on the bebop generation of saxophonists that followed, notably Charlie Parker, and "cool jazz" players like Stan Getz. Trumpet Roy Eldridge (1911-1989) He was the "bridge" between Armstrong's style and the bebop style of Dizzy Gillespie Big, singing tone like Armstrong, but sophisticated approaches to harmony and more advanced technique Roy Eldridge Played with many different bands Gene Krupa Band featured him on hit "Rockin' Chair" in 194042. Live video with Oscar Peterson (piano) in 1961- terrific improvised solo "Soft Winds" Charlie Christian Electric Guitar Christian was a talented, one-of-a-kind musician who transformed the electric guitar into a serious jazz instrument Transitional figure whose linear, "string of notes" style of playing heavily influenced yoiung musicians, and the dev. of bebop jazz Hard-living, hard-working, tuberculosis; died tragically young, at age 26 (1916-1942) Discovered by John Hammond, who brought him to Benny Goodman (clip) Singers Billie Holiday (Elenora Fagan Gough) 19151959 "Lady Day" Early YearsDiscovered by John Hammond in 1933 With Goodman, Basie Traveling in the south with Artie Shaw Personal strength masked insecurities: difficult to work with, drug addictions Billie Holiday Established a priority on singing as a very personal, intimate form of communication between singer and audience- not so much a display of technique Composed lyrics and music for many of her own songs Best-known for her ballad style My Man Don't Love Me (Blues) w/ Lester Young "God Bless the Child" "Strange Fruit" Singers "Little" Jimmy Rushing Shout singer with the Basie Band in 30's and 40's Live performance from 50's TV with the Basie Rhythm Section and Few Horn Singers Ella Fitzgerald (1919-1994) Won contest at the Apollowanted to be a dancer, but better singer Dubbed "The First Lady of Song," Ella Fitzgerald was the most popular female jazz singer in the United States for more than half a century. In her lifetime, she won 13 Grammy awards and sold over 40 million records. Ella Her voice was flexible, wide-ranging, accurate and ageless. She could sing sultry ballads, sweet jazz and imitate every instrument in an orchestra. She worked with all the jazz greats, from Duke Ellington, Count Basie and Nat King Cole, to Frank Sinatra, Dizzy Gillespie and Benny Goodman. Listening to Ella "You'd Be So Nice to Come Home To" With Roy Eldridge combo, live at the Hollywood Bowl in 1959. Mack The Knife One Note Samba (scat singing) Swing Pianists Art Tatum, Erroll Garner "Where or When" "Spring is Here" ...
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