F13 lecture 24(2)

Spp enterococcus faecalis enterococcus faecium

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Unformatted text preview: th equally represented Black (blank) = neither expressed metagenomics •  studying DNA samples obtained from natural environments (the “metagenome”) to determine –  community biodiversity –  community ecological func6on •  examples of environments of interest –  soil –  water –  freshwater and marine sediment –  animal guts and elsewhere –  in and on plants –  the en6re human body the holobiome •  the organism plus all of its associated microbial flora –  parasites –  symbionts h]p://newscenter.lbl.gov/wp- content/uploads/biomegirl2.jpg list of recognized human symbiont “flora” h]p://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_human_flora Binomial name Achromobacter spp Acidaminococcus fermentans Acinetobacter cacoaceticus Actinomyces spp Actinomyces viscosus Actinomyces naeslundii Aeromonas spp Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans Anaerobiospirillum spp Alcaligenes faecalis Arachnia propionica Bacillus spp Bacteroides spp Bacteroides gingivalis Bacteroides fragilis Bacteroides intermedius Bacteroides melaninogenicus Bacteroides pneumosintes Bacterionema matruchotii Corynebacterium matruchoti Bifidobacterium spp Buchnera aphidicola Butyriviberio fibrosolvens Campylobacter spp Campylobacter coli Campylobacter sputorum Campylobacter upsaliensis Candida albicans Capnocytophaga spp Clostridium spp Citrobacter freundii Clostridium difficile Clostridium sordellii Corynebacterium spp Eikenella corrodens Enterobacter cloacae Enterococcus spp Enterococcus faecalis Enterococcus faecium Escherichia coli Eubacterium spp Flavobacterium spp Fusobacterium spp Location Large intestine, small intestine (Ileon) Large intestine Large intestine Amygdala Mouth Mouth Large intestine, small intestine (Ileon) Mouth Feces Large intestine, small intestine (Ileon) Mouth Large intestine Mouth, amygdala Mouth General distribution Mouth Mouth, feces Pharynx Gingiva Large intestine, feces Mouth Large intestine Large intestine General distribution Mouth Mouth Mouth Mouth Large intestine, small intestine (Ileon) Sputum Large intestine Stomach, small intestine, large intestine, rectus, anus channel Mouth General distribution, mouth General distribution Mouth, amygdala General distribution General distribution General distribution Mouth Large intestine, small intestine (Ileon) Mouth, amygdala Binomial name Fusobacterium nucleatum Gordonia Bacterium spp Haemophilius parainfluenzae Haemophilus paraphrophilus Lactobacillus spp Leptotrichia buccalis Morganella morganii Mycobacteria spp Mycoplasma spp Micrococcus spp Mycoplasma spp Mycobacterium chelonae Neisseria spp Neisseria sicca Peptococcus spp Peptostreptococcus spp Plesiomonas shigelloides Porphyromonas gingivalis Propionibacterium spp Propionibacterium acnes Providencia spp Pseudomonas aeruginosa...
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