Phys A L9

Phys A L9 - Physical Anthropology Lecture 9(Chapter 4 I Why...

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10/29/2007 Physical Anthropology: Lecture 9 (Chapter 4) I. Why Study Primates? A. Closest relatives, provide valuable insights into early humans, diversity within order of primates help us to understand 168 species B. Considered to be the most important of the mammals C. No one denies that modern man is primate yet few people understand why man is classified with animals such as the tree shrew, loris, and aye aye D. Primates (living or fossil) are defined by overall pattern E. The fossil record is from the: 1. Palocene and oligocene of North America and Europe 2. Minocene of Africa and Europe 3. Pleistocene of South America, Asia, Africa, and Madagascar II. Primates as Mammals **Know 5 of following for Midterm** A. Reduction of skeletal and cranial elements in comparison to reptiles (ie. Fusion of pelvic and mandibulor bony elements, epiphyses (growth centers) on bone which are, full fused and have limited growth period B. Enlarge braincase/cranial capacity C. Double condoyle for skull/vertebrae column articulation
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Phys A L9 - Physical Anthropology Lecture 9(Chapter 4 I Why...

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