4.NatureNurture-MM2013.ppt

Critiquing the evolutionary perspective post hoc

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Unformatted text preview: of reproducing and surviving are most likely to be passed on to future generations. §༊  Critiquing the Evolutionary Perspective §༊  Post- hoc? Starts from an effect and works backward to an explanation. §༊  Some argue that it gives too liYle emphasis to social influences. §༊  An Evolutionary Explanation of Human Sexuality §༊  Males: broadcasting; goal is to increase chances of spreading their genes: seek healthy/fertile/nurturing mate(s) §༊  Females: narrowcasting; seek mates with resources and potential for long- term investment in their joint offspring: healthy/security/ strong mates 7 §༊  Some argue that it absolves people from taking responsibility for their sexual behavior §༊  Some argue that it promotes Status Quo 8 Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity Nurture and Human Diversity This perspective emphasizes the influence of parents and peers: Cultural Influences §༊  Developmental Similarities Across Groups §༊  Gender Development §༊  Variations Across Cultures §༊  Culture and the Self §༊  Gender Similarities and Differences §༊  Collectivistic (Interdependent) §༊  Individualistic (Independent) §༊  Culture and Child- Rearing §༊  Protective §༊  Punitive §༊  Promote independence 9 Nature vs. •  Genes •  For “universals,” looks for similarities across cultures (but can account for differences by sex) •  Universals –  Aggression? –  Altruism? –  Nonverbal expressions 10 Nature, Nurture, and Human Diversity Nurture •  Environment •  Looks for differences as a function of culture and immediate environment. •  Explains common behaviors in terms of reactions to norms, stereotypes, and expectations. •  Includes prenatal environment. •  Hereditability Gender Development §༊  The Nature of Gender §༊  The Nurture of Gender §༊  Evolutionary...
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